|Children in the second plane are full of wonder and curiosity about life|
The second plane of development (age 6–12) is full of wonder and awe as children discover answers to some of life’s most basic questions: Who am I? Where do I come from? Montessori’s Great Lessons attempt to give children the keys to discovering more about the universe and life on earth.
The Purpose of Montessori Cosmic Education Looks Toward the Future
Dr. Montessori went a step further and said that, in order to truly prepare children to live in the world, we need to prepare them for the future as well. So important was this vision of the future that Montessori created her cosmic curriculum with the idea that only through children was there hope.
Montessori believed that by teaching children to recognize the interdependence of all living things, she would help them develop consciousness of their place on earth. With the idea that the Great Story, from which her Great Lessons are conceived, is not yet fished, Montessori portrayed humans as coming into a new era: the Ecozoic Era. Coined by Thomas Berry, the Ecozoic Era is the idea of a time when humans live in unity with one another and tend to their cosmic task of earthly stewardship.
|For real peace, there must be harmony among people|
“True peace makes us turn our thoughts to the triumph of justice and love among men, to the building of a better world where harmony reigns.” (1932, Geneva)
“Preventing conflict is the work of politics; establishing peace is the work of education.” (1936, Brussels)
“Education is the best weapon for peace.” (1937, Copenhagen)
These two outcomes — harmony and peace — are Montessori’s vision of Cosmic Education. They are integral to the Montessori method and are as relevant today as they were when Montessori first developed them.
“Cosmic Education results in creative attempts to lead a new and different kind of human life, with responsible participation in all natural and human phenomena.” (Camillo Grazzini, 24th International Montessori Congress 2001.)