During the 400 years that the Romans ruled ancient Celtic lands, they incorporated Samhain into their two fall festivals: Feralia and Pomona. Feralia was the feast held to commemorate the passing of the dead, while Pomona was the goddess of fruit and trees. Pomona’s symbol was the apple, thus providing a tie to “bobbing for apples” as well as caramel and candy apple treats to modern Halloween. Read on for more interesting history, and some fun and Montessori appropriate Halloween activity ideas.
Celebrate Halloween Montessori Style: Activity and Curriculum Ideas
In the 7th century, Pope Boniface IV declared November 1 as All Saints Day, a day to honor saints and martyrs. It is widely thought that this was in an attempt to replace the Celtic celebration with a church-sanctioned holiday. Later, in 1000 A.D., the church proclaimed November 2 as All Souls Day, a day to honor the dead. This was celebrated similarly to Samhain, with bonfires and dressing up in costumes such as angels, devils, and saints.
Today, in the United States, Halloween is celebrated by children dressing up in whimsical (or sometimes scary) costumes, going door-to-door crying out “Trick-or-Treat” as their neighbors hand out candy.
While many Montessori schools are conflicted about celebrating Halloween due to the ever increasing predominance of violent costumes, there are many ways to celebrate Halloween and the fall harvest in your Montessori classroom.
Trick-or-Treating for UNICEF. Started in 1950 by a Philadelphia youth group, this has now evolved into a nationwide effort to support UNICEF. The UNICEF fundraising kit is for grades K-6 and children will feel empowered as they help children around the world. (UNICEF's mission is to "provide special protection for the most disadvantaged children: victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and exploitation, and those with disabilities".)
Study the lifecycle of pumpkins. Lori Borne has a beautiful matching card activity (and it’s free!) at the Montessori for Everyone website.
Visit a local farm, orchard, or pumpkin patch. Look for ones that have apples or pumpkins to pick and offer samples of apple cider for the children to enjoy. Hayrides are also a great option.
Contemporary costumes can be scary and violent. Rather than banning costumes at school, the younger ones can have a “storybook character” dress up day, where everyone comes dressed as a favorite character from a story book. Older children can have a “Mystery History” day where they chose a theme or time period in history and chose a person from that theme to research. They then invite their parents and present a short speech in character and costume. Based on the research presented (and the costume) parents then guess who it is they represent.
A popular sugar-free snack can be made by roasting pumpkin seeds.
Roasted Pumpkin Seeds
- Separate the seeds of one pumpkin from the flesh and ‘strings’
- In a large bowl of water, wash them well, rubbing them between your hands.
- Spread on paper towels to dry
- Preheat oven to 325F
- Spread dry seeds on a cookie sheet and lightly brush them with 4 Tablespoons melted butter or vegetable oil
- Sprinkle with a mixture of 1 teaspoon cinnamon, ½ teaspoon ground ginger, ½ teaspoon of salt, and ½ teaspoon of allspice
- Bake in oven for 30-40 minutes, or until golden brown
- Let cool before eating