...we see that a child has a natural tendency to adapt himself to the other human beings who surround him in a striking way. In this tendency we should strive to find a basis for a love for, and a solidarity with, all mankind. ~ Maria Montessori, The Discovery of the Child
Often the emotional reaction of a traumatic event is related to how far away one is, but with television and technology bringing intense images right into our homes, we are all impacted, especially children! Observing a catastrophe like the earthquakes and tsunami in Japan can be devastating for young children, and the visual images and emotions connected to the event can be on their minds for a long time. Children may absorb worry and sadness from their parents and feel anxious about whether something like that will happen to them and affect their own lives.
World Events in the Montessori Classroom: Alleviate Fear and Anxiety by Empowering StudentsJudging from the looks on the faces of my Montessori preschoolers on Monday morning, I knew there was much anxiety in the room and many questions. I began our discussion by presenting the Colored Continent Globe, pointing out exactly where Japan is located. We talked about the earthquake that just occurred in Japan and we talked about what an earthquake is. We also talked about a tsunami (as many of the children didn't know what that term meant) and how the tsunami affected the people in Japan.
One of the little girls said that her heart feels sad for the Japanese people and I told her that mine does, too. I reassured her and the other children that there are many people all over the world who are doing what they can to help the people of Japan, either by rebuilding homes, cleaning up the area, providing food, and donating money. My four-year-old Montessori student, Jordan, suggested that we donate money to help the people of Japan and thought maybe we could have a lemonade stand on a sunny day to earn money. I always find that when children are given the opportunity to take action and help others, it ends up being such an empowering experience and reinforces the fact that no matter where we are in the world, we are all connected! I was really touched by Jordan’s suggestion and his willingness to help those in need at such a young age!
Because we live in an area that is susceptible to earthquakes, I then explained the importance of being prepared for an earthquake and knowing what to do if one ever occurs where we live. We reviewed the earthquake drills that we have performed in the past. We discussed our earthquake procedure and each child had a turn to practice doing a “turtle tuck” under one of the classroom tables. If an earthquake was to occur while preschool was in session the children are taught to respond to the Montessori teacher’s command, “Earthquake”. Once they hear the command, they know to DROP (drop to the floor, specifically under a classroom table), COVER (cover their head with the hands similarly to a turtle using its shell for protection) and HOLD that position until the shaking has stopped and the “all clear” is given by one of the teachers. I invited each child, one by one to show me how they drop, cover and hold and to demonstrate their best “turtle tuck” under a table. I also showed them once again where we keep each of the comfort bags as well as the food, water and supplies that we would need if an earthquake ever occurred.
The discussion and drill really seemed to ease their anxiety and nervousness, and it is something we will continue to do regularly. When children feel like they know what to do in a dangerous situation, and when they are able to talk about their feelings and ask questions, it empowers them and alleviates the level of fear and anxiety.
I am sure that there will be amazing survival stories and heart-warming accounts of the compassionate assistance that is being extended to the people of Japan in the weeks to come, and I will monitor these with a view to finding appropriate opportunities to focus on positive community service discussions with my young Montessori students.
NAMC 3-6 Culture & Science teaching manual provides a rich curriculum for exploring our natural world and its history, and our place in this amazing universe.
© North American Montessori Center - originally posted in its entirety at Montessori Teacher Training on Wednesday, March 16, 2011.